The charges filed Monday also mark an escalation of tensions between the world's two largest economies, which are mired in a trade war that has roiled markets.
A 13-count indictment produced in a federal court in Brooklyn, New York charged Huawei, Huawei Device USA, Skycom Tech, and company executive Meng Wanzhou with numerous criminal activities, which include wire fraud, bank fraud, sanctions violations, obstruction of justice, and conspiracy.
The indictment alleges that Huawei stole robotic technology created to test smartphones from American cellular company T-Mobile. A jury later awarded T-Mobile $4.8 million for the misappropriated trade secrets.
Video of the press conference is also available below.
A Huawei spokesman did not immediately return phone messages seeking comment.
A statement released by USA authorities detailed a series of alleged crimes, listing three defendants, including the company itself and an affiliate, Skycom Tech.
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The chance you'll see Huawei phones and routers in the U.S. grew bleaker today, as Chinese telecom firm has officially been criminally charged by the United States government. Prosecutors allege she committed fraud by misleading American banks about Huawei's business deals in Iran.
Prosecutors also accused Meng of committing fraud and misleading banks into believing Skycom and Huawei were separate. Huawei and Huawei USA are charged with conspiracy to obstruct justice related to the grand jury investigation in the Eastern District of NY.
"The charges unsealed today clearly allege that Huawei intentionally conspired to steal the intellectual property of an American company in an attempt to undermine the free and fair global marketplace", said Wray. Huawei engineers allegedly violated confidentiality and non-disclosure agreements by taking pictures of Tappy, taking measurements of parts of the robot and stealing a piece of it.
Meng - who was arrested in Vancouver on Dec 1 at Washington's request - is expected to fight extradition to the United States, amid heavy pressure on Canada from Beijing, whose subsequent detention of two Canadians is seen as an act of retaliation for Meng's arrest. After being nabbed in Vancouver, Canada, Meng posted a huge bail and awaits extradition to the U.S. Her next court appearance in Canada is scheduled for February 6th.
The U.S. government's indictments against Huawei Technologies Co Ltd are unfair and immoral, a spokesman for China's industry and information technology ministry said on Tuesday.
The deadline for an extradition request is January 30, 60 days after her arrest.