The Intermediate-Range nuclear Forces Treaty (INF), negotiated by then US President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev in 1987, had a noble goal of eliminating land-based short-range and intermediate-range nuclear and conventional missiles by both countries.
The U.S. blamed Moscow for the death of the treaty.
But the West says Russian Federation has been violating the treaty since the days of the Obama administration.
"Withdrawing from the INF is another negative move by the USA, ignoring its own worldwide commitment and resorting to unilateralism", Hua Chunying, a spokeswoman for China's foreign ministry, said at a press briefing, according to state media.
Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov called on the U.S. and other North Atlantic Treaty Organisation members to implement a moratorium on deploying intermediate-range nuclear missiles.
"Russia would like to do something on a nuclear treaty and that's OK with me".
In another worrisome development, Trump's new defence secretary Mark Esper has declared that the USA has already begun work to develop mobile, conventional, ground-launched cruise and ballistic missile systems.
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Engel, who is the chairman of the US House Foreign Affairs committee, warned that the Trump administration has already set its sights on the next arms control agreement to dismantle, New START. By launching a propaganda campaign based on deliberately misleading information on what was presented as violations of the INF Treaty by Russian Federation, the United States intentionally plunged the Treaty into a crisis that was nearly impossible to overcome.
Gorbachev said all parties involved should now "focus on the preservation of the last pillar of the global strategic security", the continuation of which has been made "uncertain" by US policy.
He also noted that, in the deteriorating worldwide security environment, previously agreed disarmament and arms control agreements are increasingly under threat.
"NATO will respond in a measured and responsible way to the significant risks posed by the Russian 9M729 missile to Allied security", it added.
On Friday, Pompeo said President Trump is beginning "a new chapter" and "a new era of arms control".
The INF's demise means both Washington and Moscow are legally free to develop and deploy ground-launched nuclear and conventional ballistic and cruise missiles with ranges of 500 to 5,500 kilometers.
Stoltenberg said the 9M729 was nuclear-capable, mobile and hard to attack, able to hit European cities with only minutes of warning time.
Moscow denies it has violated the treaty and says Washington is withdrawing because it wants to pursue a new arms race.
Although formally not a party to the INF Treaty, Ukraine was strictly adhering to its provisions throughout the entire period of its existence. Any such deployment would be years away, they added.