"It's already in a state of unrest and this will only make it worse", Wajahat Habibullah, a former senior bureaucrat in Jammu and Kashmir, told AFP.
In a statement this morning after Union Home Minister Amit Shah's announcement in parliament, Mr Abdullah said: "The scrapping of Articles 370 and 35A raise fundamental questions on the State's accession because that was done on the very terms enunciated in these Articles. When I reached the departmental store, there was a long queue", he told Al Jazeera. He further said that there are many communities in the northeast region which want separate states citing the example of Bodoland.
According to experts, external security in the region will depend on the way Pakistan and China react to the decision.
But Manoj Jha from the Rashtriya Janata Dal party said the opposition had "opened the way for Kashmir to become Palestine".
Monitoring groups say the conflict in India-administered Kashmir has claimed 70,000 lives, mostly civilians, over the past 30 years. Hundreds of thousands of Indian troops have been deployed to quell it.
An estimated 200,000 to 300,000 Hindus fled the Kashmir Valley in the aftermath of an armed revolt against the Indian rule that began in 1989.
PDP chief Mehbooba Mufti and National Conference vice-president Omar Abdullah, who were put under house arrest around midnight on Sunday, continued to be under preventive detention on Monday and were taken to different locations.
One lawmaker from the regional Kashmir-based Peoples Democratic Party tore up a copy of the Indian constitution before being reportedly removed from the chambers by parliamentary marshals.
The parties made a decision to seek audiences with the President, the Prime Minister and the leaders of other political parties.
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"Politically, it's advantage BJP", said Happymon Jacob, a professor at Jawaharlal Nehru University in the Indian capital.
Monday's move reflects Modi's muscular approach to national security.
That prompted a retaliatory raid by Pakistan. "India has failed Kashmir in keeping its promises", she said.
Turning the state into a federal territory allows Delhi to exert greater control.
"Today marks the darkest day in Indian democracy", former Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir Mehbooba Mufti said.
All schools and colleges in the valley have been shut owing to the political crisis developing in the state.
The Union Home Ministry had ordered the deployment of an additional 100 companies of central paramilitary forces in the state.
BJP general secretary Ram Madhav hailed the government's actions as ushering in a "glorious day".
Speaking to Al Jazeera, Vijay Kumar, who is an adviser to the Jammu and Kashmir governor, refused to elaborate on the order, saying, "Everything is explained in it".