A call for British Prime Minister Boris Johnson to resign following a Scottish court ruling that his suspension of Parliament was unlawful was made on Wednesday by a leading Conservative politician.
A panel of judges in the Scottish appeals court ruled Boris Johnson's suspension of parliament was illegal on Wednesday.
Johnson announced on August 28 that parliament would be prorogued, saying the government wanted the suspension so it could then launch a new legislative agenda. But the suspension also gives him a respite from rebellious lawmakers as he plots his next move to break the political deadlock and lead Britain out of the European Union by October 31.
"The only inference that could be drawn was that the UK Government and the Prime Minister wished to restrict Parliament", the summary said one judge, Lord James Drummond Young, had concluded.
A court in Northern Ireland is also set to rule on the matter on Thursday.
The ruling will not immediately affect the current suspension of Parliament, which began on Tuesday.
Following the Scottish ruling, opposition parties called for the controversial prorogation to be reversed.
Judge Lord Carloway told the court: "We are of the opinion that the advice given by the Government to her majesty the Queen to prorogue Parliament was unlawful and that the prorogation itself was unlawful".
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A Lower Scottish Court had originally rejected the challenge and last Friday, London's High Court also dismissed a similar challenge. Ardent anti-Brexit campaigner Gina Miller was unsuccessful in her attempt to overturn the prorogation of Parliament in an English court last week, but was granted permission to appeal to the UK Supreme Court on September 17. "Proroguing Parliament is the legal and necessary way of delivering this".
"I would expect a government minister to understand the importance of the independence of the judiciary and not make any comments that might undermine public perceptions", he said.
The judges ruled that from the evidence presented, the long duration of the suspension could only be explained by Johnson's desire to avoid legislative scrutiny.
Labour's Brexit spokesman Keir Starmer welcomed the ruling, saying: "No one in their right mind believed Boris Johnson's reason for shutting down parliament".
Tim Brake, Brexit spokesman for the minority Liberal Democrats at Westminster, said: "The decision today is highly embarrassing for Boris Johnson and his government".
"I think it's disappointing that the courts are trying to interfere in the way the country is run", he said.
The main impact if the UK's parliament is recalled is that Mr Johnson would be back before MPs facing tough questions on how he plans to get a Brexit deal by October 31.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel said Wednesday she believed agreement could still be reached with Britain on an orderly exit from the European Union, pledging to fight for a deal.