The strict policy will be a particular hardship for the four Democratic senators who are at the height of their presidential bids and staring down the Iowa caucuses and New Hampshire primary in coming weeks.
They allege that Trump abused the power of his office by withholding foreign aid from Ukraine in order to pressure Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky to open investigations into Trump's political rivals, including former Vice President Joe Biden.
Andrew Johnson and Bill Clinton were impeached by the House but acquitted by the Senate.
"On something as important as impeachment, Senator McConnell's resolution is nothing short of a national disgrace", Schumer said, accusing most Republicans of bring frightened of the president.
McConnell told reporters after the release of the resolution, "W$3 e have the votes once the impeachment trial has begun to pass a resolution essentially the same, very similar to, the 100-nothing vote in the Clinton trial".
After the four days of opening arguments - two days per side - senators will be allowed up to 16 hours for questions to the prosecution and defense, followed by four hours of debate.
The length of this forthcoming trial will depend on how many witnesses (if any) are called to testify. They said the Senate should remove him from office "following a fair trial".
Republican Sen. Mitt Romney of Utah signaled in an email message to his constituents Monday night that he was on board with the the resolution put forth by McConnell, even as he said the allegations against Trump are "extremely serious - did the President abuse his office for personal political gain, and did he obstruct Congress' investigation by blocking subpoenas?"
Cold Today With A Few Flurries
The outlook for next week calls for below normal temperatures with some rain and thunderstorm chances the second half of the week. We'll see sunny skies Monday afternoon with highs ranging from around 20s northeast to the near 50 for parts of western Kansas.
The managers met again Monday morning on Capitol Hill, and are expected to do a walkthrough on the Senate later in the day. Ahead of the filing, House prosecutors arrived on Capitol Hill to tour the Senate chamber.
Trump, who nearly daily ridicules the impeachment effort, tweeted Monday, "Cryin" Chuck Schumer is now asking for "fairness', when he and the Democrat House members worked together to make sure I got ZERO fairness in the House".
They accused Democrats of diluting the standards for impeachment, an argument that echoed the case made Sunday by one of Trump's attorneys, Alan Dershowitz, who contended on a series of talk shows that impeachable offences must be "criminal-like conduct".
The second allegation is that, by refusing to allow White House staff to testify at the first impeachment hearings a year ago, Trump obstructed Congress.
In a six-page filing formally responding to the House impeachment charges submitted shortly after and filled with partisan barbs against House Democrats, Mr. Trump's lawyers denounced the case as constitutionally and legally invalid, and driven purely by a desire to hurt Mr. Trump in the 2020 election.
Witnesses were subpoenaed for the House's impeachment inquiry, but did not comply at the direction of the White House.
"House Democrats settled on two flimsy Articles of Impeachment that allege no crime or violation of law whatsoever - much less "high Crimes and Misdemeanours" as required by the Constitution", it said. "But they do feel he's doing a decent job, and they feel the tactics by the Democrats here have been reprehensible and that this would set a awful precedent if the president was ever removed for this".
No matter the legal arguments for and against Trump, he nearly certainly will be acquitted by the Republican-majority Senate, where a two-thirds vote against him would be required for a conviction and removal from office. Several government agencies, including the State and Energy Ministries, followed the White House leadership and refused to provide documents.
Senators are poised for only the third trial of its kind in USA history, but first they must contend with a rules fight and whether to allow new witnesses.