This came after Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif accused the Trump administration of "maliciously tightening illegal USA sanctions" against the Islamic Republic, which he claimed is aimed at "draining Iran's resources needed in the fight against COVID-19". Meanwhile, Iran's supreme leader issued a religious ruling prohibiting "unnecessary" travel in the country.
The virus has also dampened Iran's celebrations for the Nowruz New Year that begins on Friday.
The Iranian government and people have been deprived of financial resources and imported goods, it said, adding that Iran is taking measures to curb the spread of the novel infection.
Rouhani assured Iranians that his administration will prioritize health in the coming year and said it had stockpiled basic supplies.
People wearing face masks walk on a sidewalk, in downtown Tehran, Iran.
But footage aired by state television showed hundreds of vehicles pouring out of Tehran on Thursday evening.
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But Rouhani on March 18 rejected criticism of his government's response to the coronavirus outbreak, telling a government meeting that authorities have been "straightforward" with the nation, and that it had announced the outbreak as soon as it learned about it on February 19.
Some experts and critics of the Iranian government say it's likely the virus is far more severe than officials are reporting, alleging that leaders have sought to cover up the full extent of the outbreak.
Tehran's bazaars were busy and its roads filled with cars as Iranians prepared for Nowruz, which starts on Friday. But the U.S. insisted it would not ease trade barriers choking off Tehran's ability to export oil, despite desperate appeals. Others joined him in chanting: "The health minister is damn wrong to do that, the president is damn wrong to do that!"
Last June, Iran released Mr Nizar Zakka, a Lebanese businessman with United States permanent residency, after four years in prison.
The teams check travelers' temperatures and will send those with fevers to quarantine centers. "Unfortunately, some people have not taken seriously how risky the coronavirus is".
"Those who will be pardoned will not return to jail. nearly half of those security-related prisoners will be pardoned as well", judiciary spokesman Gholamhossein Esmaili told state TV.
Iranian officials have blamed the sanctions for hampering Tehran's efforts to contain the speedy spread of the virus across the country.