Jeff Moon, a former deputy USA trade representative for China, noted that the State Department said the Houston order was a response to China's theft of intellectual property and raised questions about why only a consulate was attacked.
The allegation comes amid rising tension between the USA and China, particularly related to theft of intellectual property - including by Chinese researchers with connections to the military and government - for Beijing's benefit.
The news comes just a day after the USA ordered China's Houston consulate to close, quote, "to protect American intellectual property" and private information, without giving specifics.
Wednesday's announcement infuriated Beijing, which vowed to retaliate as the two countries squabble over a slew of issues ranging from trade to the coronavirus pandemic - and China's policies in Hong Kong, Xinjiang and the South China Sea.
Reacting strongly to the USA move, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Wang Wenbin on Wednesday termed it as an "unprecedented escalation and warned retaliatory measures".
"For some time, the United States government has been shifting the blame to China with stigmatization and unwarranted attacks against China's social system, harassing Chinese diplomatic and consular staff in America, intimidating and interrogating Chinese students and confiscating their personal electrical devices, even detaining them without cause", said Wang Wenbin, a spokesperson for China's Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
"China demands the USA revoke the wrong decision".
The two men, who are believed to be in China, acted in some instances "for their own personal gain" and in others for the benefit of China's Ministry of State Security, Assistant Attorney General John Demers said at a news conference.
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"He threw all the bottles that were in reach, all except for one which was a celebratory magnum-sized bottle of wine", she said. He picked up bottles and began to throw them. " Heard said that this was after he" smashed a telephone against a wall".
Local media in Houston reported Tuesday night that documents were being burned in the Chinese consulate courtyard.
Multiple U.S. officials told the network that the Houston consulate has always been used by the Chinese government to steal valuable medical research, and was involved in attempts to infiltrate the oil and natural gas industries.
"Distrust and Verify" will be the new American approach towards Beijing, the United States said on Thursday, declaring that the age of "appeasing China" is over, while laying out serious charges of theft and spying against the country's communist regime and its military.
What is stoking tensions between China and the US?The consulate-general in Houston is one of two which opened that year.
He also said its embassy in Washington had received "bomb and death threats on Chinese diplomatic missions and personnel in the United States". The men were accused of targeting firms which are developing vaccines for the coronavirus and of stealing hundreds of millions of dollars worth of intellectual property and trade secrets from companies across the world.
According to the embassy, it is the US that has imposed unjustified restrictions on Chinese diplomatic personnel. The State Department did not respond to a request for comment on the Chinese accusations.
'As a result of smears and hatred fanned up by the U.S. government, the Chinese embassy has received bomb and death threats'.
According to CNN, prosecutors allege Tang Juan lied about her connection to the Chinese military in order to obtain entry into the U.S. and has since avoided arrest by taking refuge in the West Coast diplomatic mission. "China's consulate in Houston is not a diplomatic facility". It said the United States gave the consulate 72 hours to vacate.
Besides Wuhan, the USA has four other consulates in China - in Shanghai, Guangzhou, Chengdu and Shenyang - along with its embassy in Beijing and a consulate general in Hong Kong.