The Black Death pandemic claimed around 50 million lives across Africa, Asia and Europe, and The Great Plague in 1665 wiped out about a fifth of London's population. The good news is that it can be treated with antibiotics.
Health officials in Inner Mongolia said Monday they suspect a case of bubonic plague in a man who's been hospitalized. Authorities have reported the 27-year-old sibling is being treated with "marmot plague and secondary lung disease" according to an early diagnosis and his younger brother, 16, is also receiving treatment for the plague.
Mongolia seems to be a vector for bubonic plague.
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The bubonic plague is transmitted through the bites of infected ticks or from the fluids of infected animals and is one of three plague types.
As the New York Times reports, this incident follows two reports of pneumonic plague, also in Inner Mongolia, from November, and two deaths last May due to bubonic plague. From 2009 to 2018, China reported 26 cases and 11 deaths.
Some experts said reports of the plague in China don't mean that it will spread across the world like the CCP virus, a type of novel coronavirus, which emerged late previous year in Wuhan, China, spreading across the world and reportedly infecting more than 10 million people. How it spreads? CDC states, "People most commonly acquire plague when they are bitten by a flea that is infected with the plague bacteria".
Last year, Mongolia had declared a lockdown in Bayan Olgyi, in the western part of the country, after two plague cases emerged in the area.
Dr Shanthi Kappagoda, an infectious disease physician at Stanford Health Care, told Healthline: "Unlike in the 14th century, we now have an understanding of how this disease is transmitted".
Patients develop sudden onset of fever, headache, chills, and weakness and one or more swollen, tender and painful lymph nodes (called buboes).
What do we know about these latest cases?