Hamilton is leading the drivers' championship by 30 points ahead of teammate Bottas as the duo enter the second consecutive weekend of racing at Silverstone.
Hamilton beat team-mate Valtteri Bottas by 0.176 seconds in the second session and was 0.815 seconds faster than the best of the non-Mercedes cars, Daniel Ricciardo in third for Renault.
Bottas posted a lap of 1 minute 26.166 seconds, beating Hamilton's best time by.138 seconds.
Serial Silverstone overachiever Pierre Gasly qualified seventh ahead of Ferrari's Charles Leclerc in eighth and the man who replaced him at Red Bull Racing nearly exactly one year ago, Alex Albon, in ninth.
Super stand-in Nico Hulkenberg qualified his Racing Point an eye-opening third as a replacement for absent Mexican Sergio Perez, in quarantine after testing positive for COVID-19.
"Feels good!" Bottas said.
Utah football ranked 20th in preseason Amway Coaches Poll
Over the last 10 years, WVU also finished a season ranked in the Coaches' poll in 2018 (22nd) and 2011 (18th). Coming off a 5-7 campaign in 2019, West Virginia received no votes in this year's preseason Coaches' poll .
"I just love qualifying and especially when it goes well it's a good feeling", said the Finn after achieving his 13th F1 pole and first since the season-opener in Austria last month. "Mentally it is to try to win it".
I'd say let's hope for Bottas to pip Hamilton to pole position but he's so far behind in the championship now that Hamilton could finish second to him in the next six rounds and still lead the championship. "For me it just wasn't a flawless lap". Räikkönen was the last of all the drivers in the time trials. His teammate Lance Stroll only managed P8.
Hamilton was quicker by almost 0.2secs on their first runs in the top 10 shoot-out, when they used the soft tyre, but when they switched to the medium for the final runs, the Briton found less time.
Carlos Sainz was 0.198s off his McLaren teammate Norris in Q2 and will start from a disappointing 14th place on the grid.
AlphaTauri's Daniil Kvyat was the shock casualty at this point, as he lost one lap to exceeding track limits and then ran wide at Becketts and damaged his floor.
The Formula One 2020 fifth race weekend's Free Practice sessions are done with at Silverstone for the 70th Anniversary Grand Prix. Also failing to progress were Kevin Magnussen (Haas), Nicholas Latifi (Williams) and the Alfa Romeos of Antonio Giovinazzi and Kimi Raikkonen.