The Defense Ministry said in the statement that it concluded the North committed "this atrocious act" based on an analysis of various intelligence and that South Korea strongly condemned the North's acts. South Korea's Supreme Court has ordered Japanese companies to pay compensation to Koreans forced to work in mines and factories during the war, and the neighbors regularly spar over the issues of so-called wartime comfort women and the sovereignty of islands between the two countries.
South Korean surveillance equipment set up on the island also captured flames Tuesday night, which were later found to have been from the North's burning of the body.
In a statement, the South Korean military said it "strongly condemns the North's atrocities" and urged Pyongyang to provide an explanation and punish those responsible.
The official affiliated with the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries disappeared from the 500-ton boat before noon Monday when it was patrolling around 10 kilometers south of the Northern Limit Line (NLL).
In their first talks since Suga took over from Abe, who resigned for health reasons, the new premier asked Guterres for the United Nations' continued support in efforts to secure the return of Japanese nationals who were abducted by North Korea in the 1970s and 1980s, the Japanese Foreign Ministry said.
South Korea sent a message to North Korea via a communication channel at the U.S. -led U.N. Command in South Korea on Wednesday to ask about the missing official.
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"The North Korean soldiers then shot him and poured oil over his body to set it aflame", the JCS official said, adding that the act was done in accordance with "orders from its superior authority".
The citizen appears to have expressed his desire to defect to the North, according to a JCS official.
Regardless of the motive, the killing of a South Korean citizen is expected to stoke tensions between the two Koreas amid a deadlock in nuclear negotiations between the USA and North Korea.
Japan would "continue to firmly seek appropriate action from South Korea", he said, without elaborating. Earlier reports said that his shoes were found on board the patrol vessel, leading to speculation he may have been trying to defect.
Pyongyang closed its border with China in January to try to prevent contamination.
The official, requesting anonymity citing department rules, said the official was wearing a life jacket on a small floating object and that the military had obtained information that he wanted to go to North Korea.