The manufacturing facility is a center where Uighurs and other minorities have been detained and compelled to produce goods for export to the USA and elsewhere.
In addition to the import bans, the Trump administration has also blocked the export of high-tech goods to Chinese companies that it says are involved in repressing minorities in Xinjiang, including by supporting obtrusive digital surveillance.
Department of Homeland Security (DHS) acting Deputy Secretary Kenneth Cuccinelli said, "the new "Withhold Release Orders" (WROs) on cotton, textiles, apparel, hair products and computer parts are aimed at combating China's use of forced labor by detained Uighur Muslims in Xinjiang". "It is not an educational center, it is a concentration camp where ethnic and religious minorities are subject to abuse and forced to work in atrocious conditions without recourse or freedom".
The new page, titled "The Chinese Communist Party's Human Rights Abuses in Xinjiang" is a standalone on the State Department's website.
The orders include hair products from the Lop County Hair Product Industrial Park; clothing from Yili Zhuowan Garment Manufacturing Co., Ltd. and Baoding LYSZD Trade and Business Co., Ltd.; cotton from Xinjiang Junggar Cotton and Linen Co., Ltd; and computer parts from Hefei Bitland Information Technology Co., Ltd.in Anhui, China.
"This is modern day slavery".
The US Customs and Border Protection (CBP) had earlier issued five Withhold Release Orders (WRO) to uphold the ban.
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Nevertheless, the issue has become a source of friction between the US and China amid tensions that have escalated under President Donald Trump.
"It will disrupt supply chains and contribute to a worsening situation between the USA and China and less trust", he said. The orders allow Customs and Border Protection to detain shipments at USA ports and gives companies the opportunity to export their shipments or demonstrate that the merchandise was not produced with forced labor.
"These actions send a clear message to the PRC that it is time to end its practice of state-sponsored forced labor and to respect the human rights of all people", Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said in a statement.
The U.S. actions "violate the rules of worldwide trade, and disrupt global industrial, supply and value chains", said Wang Wenbin, foreign ministry spokesman, at a daily news conference in Beijing on Tuesday.
"The Chinese government is engaged in systematic abuses against the Uighur people" and other minorities, said Mark Morgan, acting commissioner of the Customs and Border Protection agency.
The WROs prevent goods from being imported into the U.S. when there are accusations of forced labour.
China has denied widespread and consistent reports of abuse and mistreatment of the Uighurs and other minorities, defending the campaign as an effort to crackdown on extremism and claiming the detention camps are for vocational and Chinese language training.