Dominica joins the rest of the world in observing International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction (IDDRR) today.
In these disasters, 1.23 million people have died, approximately 60,000 for each year, and more than four billion people have been affected.
Although the better recording and reporting opportunities help to find out the increase in the number of disasters and the human and economic cost of them, United Nations researchers see the considerable rise in climate-related emergencies as the main reason for the spike.
Though mortality has decreased in the climate related events in the 21st century due to technological advances and better early warning systems, the report warns of a bigger cost paid by citizens on account of increasing economic damage and disruption in livelihood.
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Major floods have more than doubled across that period to number 3,254, while storms increased from 1,457 to 2,034.
Since 2000, major floods have more than doubled, while major storms increased by almost 50%.
Debarati Guha-Sapir of the Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters at the University of Louvain, Belgium, which provided the statistics for the report, said: "If this level of growth in extreme weather events continues over the next 20 years, the future of mankind looks very bleak indeed".
The Covid-19 pandemic demonstrated systemic risk requires worldwide cooperation and political commitment at the highest level to meet the Sustainable Development Goals and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, Guterres pointed out. "Covid-19 is but the latest proof that political and business leaders are yet to tune in to the world around them".
According to Pascal, one of the key messages of the IDDRR is that if disaster risk reduction is included explicitly in national development plans and climate adaptation plans and budgets, all parts of government within and across sectors are then able to programme risk reduction actions and investments. There has also been a rise in geo-physical events including earthquakes and tsunamis which have killed more people than any of the other natural hazards under review in this report.