Sudan will be removed from the State Sponsors of Terrorism list and will begin a partnership with the United States and Israel, President Donald Trump announced on Friday.
"Sudan is the third Arab country to make peace with Israel in the past two months, the significance of which can not be overstated, as these landmark diplomatic agreements represent the dawn of a new age for the relationship between the Jewish State and the Muslim world", the statement asserted.
"In this peacemaking endeavor, [Israeli] Prime Minister [Benjamin] Netanyahu's vision and [U.S.] President [Donald] Trump's dedication to advancing Arab-Israeli peace have been transformative".
The White House said the two countries would also seek to negotiate agreements on other economic issues, migration and "areas of mutual benefit".
The White House called Trump's intention to remove Sudan from the terrorism list a "pivotal turning point" for Khartoum, which is seeking to emerge from decades of isolation.
"The State of Palestine expressed today its condemnation and rejection of the deal to normalise ties with the Israeli occupation country which usurps Palestinian land", president Mahmoud Abbas's office said in a statement.
As an article from the Brookings Institution a think tank that is a bastion of the establishment and from which it is likely that Vice President Joe Biden would recruit some of his foreign-policy team makes clear, Mr. Trumps strategy is considered too risky by the so-called adults.. The two countries, which border Israel, signed peace agreements in 1979 and 1994 respectively, following United States mediation.
A senior Trump aide, Judd Deere, said that Sudan and Israel "have agreed to the normalisation of relations".
"The State of Israel and the Republic of Sudan have agreed to make peace", Trump told reporters in the Oval Office.
U.S. President Donald Trump listens while on a phone call with leaders of Sudan and Israel, in the Oval Office of the White House, in Washington, on October 23, 2020.
The new agreement was negotiated on the US side by a team that included Trump son-in-law and senior adviser Jared Kushner, who called the normalization deals the start of a "paradigm shift" in the Middle East.
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While officially stating that it will not normalize ties until Israel signs an internationally recognized peace accord with the Palestinians, Riyadh has given tacit approval to the UAE and Bahrain deals and allowed Israeli aircraft to use its airspace.
Netanyahu hesitated before offering a halting answer: "Well, Mr. President, one thing I can tell you is we appreciate the help for peace from anyone in America".
In August, Pompeo visited Sudan in August and met with Transitional Prime Minister Abdullah Hamdok.
The move is seen as a foreign policy victory for Mr Trump ahead of the 3 November eletion.
"Khartoum has given a free gift to Trump in his election race, and it is a setback from Sudan's historical position of the "three noes" from [the Khartoum resolution of] 1967 ['no peace with Israel, no recognition of Israel, no negotiations with it']", he said.
Sudan is on a thorny path to democracy after a popular uprising a year ago led the military to overthrow the longtime autocrat, Omar al-Bashir.
Sudan had been a foe of Israel since the latter's founding in 1948. "The United States and Israel also committed to working with their partners to support the people of Sudan in strengthening their democracy, improving food security, countering terrorism and extremism, and tapping into their economic potential".
However, the reaction to the deal in Sudan has been mixed.
While the formal notification has not yet been delivered to Congress, it can now happen because Sudan transferred the $335 million for terror victims to a European bank, according to two sources.
The regime led by dictator Omar al-Bashir plunged that country into three decades of starvation and war, committed genocide in the Darfur region, and hosted terrorists like Al-Qaedas Osama bin Laden, in addition to Hezbollah and radical Palestinian groups.
Khartoum then moved to place the money in a special escrow account specially set up for the victims of the al-Qaeda* attacks on the United States embassies in Kenya and Tanzania in 1998.