Armenia and Azerbaijan have been at loggerheads over the mountainous region of Nagorno-Karabakh since 1988.
His comments were released after Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu, whose country is a close ally of Azerbaijan, urged Moscow to be more active in peacemaking. It remains acknowledged by the global community as part of Azerbaijan and no state, including Armenia itself, recognises its independence.
Turkey, which arms and protects Azerbaijan, is a member of North Atlantic Treaty Organisation. "Peace is the basis of our work and we hope to restore stability to the region in a peaceful way", Rouhani said in televised remarks.
Faced with an intractable problem which long predates his time in office, and with rumors of Syrian mercenaries come to join the fighting, Mr. Pashinyan is calling the latest explosion of hostilities between Armenia and Azerbaijan a civilizational issue. "Today, Russia has developed relations with both Armenia and Azerbaijan".
The three villages are located in Jabrayil district, near occupied Karabakh, which has been under Armenian occupation since the early 1990s.
Intermittent shelling by Azerbaijan's forces has turned Karabakh's main city Stepanakert into a ghost town dotted with unexploded munitions and shell craters.
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On Tuesday, Azerbaijan's defense ministry and Karabakh's foreign ministry both said fighting was continuing on several fronts on Tuesday.
Pashinyan told AFP he was sure Russian Federation would come to Armenia's defense if necessary and that "Russia will uphold its treaty obligations".
The warring sides have so far ignored ceasefire calls by Paris, Washington and Moscow, which have mediated for almost three decades in the conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh, a mountain enclave which under worldwide law belongs to Azerbaijan but is populated and governed by ethnic Armenians.
Azerbaijan's defense ministry claimed the separatists had incurred major losses and been forced to retreat.
Dozens of civilians have been confirmed killed in the fighting and the Armenian side has acknowledged more than 300 military deaths.
France, the United States and Russian Federation are co-chairs of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe's (OSCE) Minsk Group that mediates over Nagorno-Karabakh. Azerbaijan has not disclosed information about its military casualties.