"Let's agree on this - you will not report to me next week, but you will start mass vaccination ... let's get to work already", he told Deputy Prime Minister Tatyana Golikova.
The Russian coronavirus vaccine candidate, Sputnik V, developed by the Gamaleya National Center of Epidemiology and Microbiology has shown 95 per cent efficacy in treating COVID-19 patients after 42 days of the first dose, according to second interim results of large scale trials.
"This gives us the opportunity to start if not mass, but large-scale vaccination, and of course, as we agreed, first of all of the two risk groups - doctors and teachers", Putin told government officials.
Golikova said large-scale vaccination could begin on voluntary basis in December.
Russian Federation has already vaccinated more than 100,000 high-risk people, Health Minister Mikhail Murashko said during a separate presentation to the United Nations about Sputnik V. Dmitriyev said that outside of the trial, the vaccine was offered to "volunteers" among medical workers "because we wanted to protect our front-line personnel first".
The announcement came the same day Britain approved the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine for a rollout starting next week.
Oscars 2021 will not be held virtually
However, the upcoming 93rd Academy Awards will have an in-person ceremony, confirmed a representative with a media outlet. The COVID-19 pandemic has led many film festivals and awards events to either postpone or go virtual.
Russia's Permanent Representative to the UN Vassily Nebenzia, in turn, did not rule out that the vaccine developers would present it at the UN headquarters. It was the world's first coronavirus vaccine which was unveiled by Putin in August.
"I understand that you're using very careful language and it's absolutely right that we are cautious". Putin's spokesman Dmitry Peskov, however, stressed Wednesday (local time) that vaccinating Russians "will be the absolute priority".
However, the outbreak has slowed after peaking on November 27; 25,345 new cases were reported in the country on Wednesday.
Russia's coronavirus task force on Wednesday reported 589 new deaths, the highest daily tally in the pandemic, topping the previous day's record of 569 and bringing the cumulative total during the pandemic to 41,053.
With 2,347,401 infections, Russian Federation has the fourth-largest number of COVID-19 cases in the world behind the United States, India and Brazil.
Museums, theatres and concert halls would be closed to the public in the city of more than 5 million people for the duration of Russia's New Year holidays, from December 30 to January 10.