The UK instead said it believed the "Russians were undertaking a gunnery exercise in the Black Sea and provided the maritime community with prior-warning of their activity". "The Royal Navy ship is conducting innocent passage through Ukrainian territorial waters in accordance with global law", the ministry of defence said in a statement.
The claims were denied by the UK Ministry of Defence. "No shots were directed at HMS Defender and we do not recognise the claim that bombs were dropped in her path", they said.
The British Military of Defense immediately pushed back on the claims, instead stating that no warning shots were fired, nor were any bombs dropped near the warship.
Britain's Defense Secretary Ben Wallace said HMS Defender had been making a "routine transit" through an internationally recognized traffic corridor.
Russian Federation annexed Ukraine's Crimean Peninsula in 2014, a move that wasn't recognized by most countries in the world. Britain and most of the global community view Crimea as occupied Ukrainian territory.
Speaking on Wednesday just before the incident, General Valery Gerasimov, the chief of the general staff of the Russian armed forces, sharply criticised the deployments of North Atlantic Treaty Organisation warships near Russian waters.
A BBC journalist on board the warship said two Russian coastguard ships tried to force it to alter its course and "at one stage, one of the Russian vessels closed in to about 100 metres".
He did not say if he had seen bombs dropped in the path of the British ship.
Ukraine is reliant on American military assistance.
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He said multiple Russian warplanes buzzed the ship and that he heard gunfire. "But the Russian jets have taken an interest in this and they had warned the ship not to go into Crimean territorial waters, claiming that they are Russian waters", Beale said.
The British Ministry of Defence did not immediately respond to a request for comment.
"The professional assessment of the risky actions of the British navy destroyer in the Black Sea has already been given by our side's defense ministry". In a statement, the Russian ministry said the "dangerous actions" of the British destroyer were a "gross violation" of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea and asked Britain to conduct a "thorough" investigation.
HMS Defender left Russian waters soon afterwards, having ventured as much as 3km (2 miles) inside, the ministry said.
The destroyers can fire eight missiles in less than 10 seconds and simultaneously guide up to 16 missiles at a time.
However, the UK's defense ministry swiftly denied the incident's occurrence. In a tweet, Kuleba called for more cooperation between North Atlantic Treaty Organisation and Ukraine in the Black Sea.
The Defender had recently been in Odessa, where British officials signed an agreement to boost Ukraine's naval capacity and British and Ukraine forces took part in exercises described as involving firefighting and damage control.
Ukraine's foreign minister Dmytro Kuleba said the incident was a "clear proof" of Ukraine's position that Russia's actions in the Black Sea are unsafe.
Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba tweeted that Russia's "aggressive and provocative actions", as well as its "militarization of Crimea", posed a lasting threat to Ukraine and its allies.