As a part of the announcement, the US formally named the Russian Foreign Intelligence Service as the force behind the SolarWinds hack that affected the federal government and wide swaths of the private sector.
"Today, Canada joins the United States and global partners in voicing our concerns related to a Russian cyber-espionage campaign that exploited the SolarWinds Orion platform", read the statement from Foreign Affairs Minister Marc Garneau, Public Safety Minister Bill Blair and Defence Minister Harjit Sajjan.
Dan Fried, a retired U.S. diplomat now at the Atlantic Council think tank, described the step outlined by the U.S. officials as "significant" and markedly stronger than former U.S. President Donald Trump's actions. The measures are to be announced Thursday according to the official who was not authorized to discuss the matter by name and spoke on condition of anonymity.
A further eight people and entities linked to Russia's occupation of Crimea also face sanctions.
A fact sheet released by the White House on Thursday morning said, "The Biden administration has been clear that the United States desires a relationship with Russian Federation that is stable and predictable".
The moves are in response to interference in last years presidential election as well as the hacking last year of federal government agencies The US for the first time explicitly linked that intrusion to a Russian intelligence service.
Another source familiar tells CNN that the administration is expected to take measures against Russian Federation on Thursday and is coordinating with European allies.
"NATO Allies support and stand in solidarity with the United States, following its 15 April announcement of actions to respond to Russia's destabilizing activities", the statement said.
The White House also said President Joe Biden was using diplomatic, military and intelligence channels to respond to reports that Russian Federation encouraged the Taliban to attack US and allied troops in Afghanistan based on the "best assessments" of the intelligence community.
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Then-president Donald Trump nixed the agreement in 2018 and started imposing sanctions as part of his maximum pressure campaign. While it has declined to elaborate, that appears to exclude sanctions formally unrelated to nuclear issues covered by the deal.
The Russian Foreign Ministry said new USA sanctions go against the interests of the two countries and vowed to take retaliatory action. He said the United States would "act firmly in defense of its national interests" in relation to Russian activities and election interference. The White House did not publicly confirm the reports. Biden put that approach on display this week when he proposed a summit with Putin during their second phone call.
The 10 diplomats being expelled include representatives of Russian intelligence services, the Biden administration said. Trump disputed the legitimacy of intelligence reports that Russian Federation may have been offering bounties to Taliban fighters.
The measures are meant to send a clear retributive message to Russian Federation and to deter similar acts in the future.
It is unclear if these sanctions will be enough to change Russian behavior, the officials said. The U.S.is expelling 10 personnel from the Russian diplomatic mission to be expelled from the country. He said the days of the U.S.
The series of USA statements on Russian cyber-operations had other revelations: The Treasury Department formally linked Russia's FSB intelligence agency with a ransomware gang known as EvilCorp.
Russian Federation needs to cease its provocations and de-escalate tensions in line with its worldwide obligations.
The Biden administration also recently chose to keep the Trump-appointed USA ambassador on the job in Moscow for the foreseeable future and invited Putin to a climate change conference later this month.
United States officials are still grappling with the after effects of the SolarWinds intrusion which affected agencies including the Treasury Justice Energy and Homeland Security departments and are still assessing what information may have been stolen. The breach exposed vulnerabilities in the supply chain as well as weaknesses in the federal government's own cyber defences.