"Many foreign missions worked in this area in search for the mortuary temple of Tutankhamun because the temples of both Horemheb and Ay were found here", Hawass said in a statement, adding those missions failed to find the city. Founded by one of the greatest rulers of Egypt, king Amenhotep III, the ninth king of the 18th dynasty, who ruled Egypt from 1391 till 1353 B.C. This city was active during the great king's co-regency with his son, the famous Amenhotep IV/Akhenaton.
Betsy Bryan, professor of Egyptian art and archaeology at Johns Hopkins University, described the find as the "second most important archaeological discovery since the tomb of Tutankhamun" almost a century ago. The team found jewelry, colored pottery vessels, scarab beetle amulets, and mud bricks stamped with Amenhotep III's seals.
An Egyptian mission, headed by renowned Egyptian archeologist Zahi Hawass, in collaboration with Egypt's Supreme Council of Antiquities, found the city that was lost under the sand.
Excavation began near Luxor in September of 2020, between the temples of Ramses III and Amenhotep III, around 500 km south of Cairo.
However, within weeks of digging, the team surprisingly started to discover mud bricks everywhere, and eventually excavated the well-preserved town of The Rise of Aten.
The report said they've uncovered a "large city in a good condition of preservation, with nearly complete walls, and with rooms filled with tools of daily life".
After seven months of excavations, several neighborhoods have been uncovered, including a bakery complete with ovens and storage pottery, as well as administrative and residential districts.
The archaeological layers have laid untouched for thousands of years, left by the ancient residents as if it were yesterday. These bricks, the team noted, had seals with the cartouche of King Amenhotep III.
A man cover a skeleton in a 3,000-year-old lost city in Luxor province, Egypt, Saturday, April 10, 2021.
It was the largest administrative and industrial settlement in the era of the Egyptian empire on the western bank of Luxor.
The British Daily Mail also commented on the important archaeological discovery, adding that the ancient Pharaonic city is the largest ancient city to be discovered in Egypt, having complete suburbs and a security system.
In the statement, Bryan notes that the newly discovered city offers a "rare glimpse into the life of the ancient Egyptians" at the height of the empire, in addition to shedding light on the mystery of why the pharaoh and his queen moved to Amarna.
The team said they were optimistic that further important finds would be revealed, noting they had discovered groups of tombs reached through "stairs carved into the rock", a similar construction to those found in the Valley of the Kings.
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